This article spells out the continuing “war against the young,” and the increased punitiveness and criminalization of youth behavior in the courts, legislatures, media, schools, and on the streets. Dr. Krisberg examines three case studies in California of struggles over pertinent legislation and concludes by describing the latest evolution in reform strategies, with youth as key leaders.

This article spells out the continuing “war against the young,” and the increased punitiveness and criminalization of youth behavior in the courts, legislatures, media, schools, and on the streets. Dr. Krisberg examines three case studies in California of struggles over pertinent legislation and concludes by describing the latest evolution in reform strategies, with youth as key leaders.